Knee is formed by the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), fibula (adjacent to the tibia) and patella (kneecap). Each of the endings of bone contain cartilage, which allows it to glide smoothly (easier movement). Surrounding the knee we have muscles, tendons, and ligaments. 

 

Ligaments connect bone to bone, while tendons connect muscle and bone. There are four primary ligaments in the knee – ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL. There are two large muscle groups that allow the knee to move. Quadraceps or Quads are found at the anterior or front part of our thigh and are responsible for knee extension (think of straightening your knee), while the hamstring muscles are responsible for knee flexion (bending of the knee). Ailments and pain can arise from a number of different structures and causes from the knee, from muscle and ligament strain/sprains to patellar tracking issues and even arthritis. 

 

For any questions regarding your knees, feel free to contact your clinic.